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Pass Labs XP-12 Preamplifier and XA25 Amplifier

Pass Labs XP-12 Preamplifier and XA25 Amplifier

Sometimes an audio review boils down to a single clarifying moment—an instant that crystallizes what you were hearing from the very beginning but were struggling to capture in words. I’d been listening to the Pass Labs XP-12 linestage preamp and XA25 amp for weeks. It was obvious they were very special, but special how? Finally the answer appeared in, of all places, a gelato store that I frequent. I was looking at the rainbow array of flavors—a bright cartoon cacophony of color. That’s when I understood what I was tasting, or rather, listening to with these Pass components—a rush of sonic color, a vast and dense palette of pigments, delicate shades and half-tones spanning a dynamic, dimensional soundspace.

The recording that first put me in this mindset was the tasteful series of duets between guitarist Pat Metheny and bassist Charlie Haden from the album Beyond the Missouri Sky [Verve]—a brilliant exchange filled with complex harmonic interactions and fine gradations of dynamic energy. But it could just as easily have been the angelic backup harmonies which seemed to loft above my loudspeakers during Jennifer Warnes’ “Joan of Arc” from Famous Blue Raincoat. Or when I played back the mono recording of The Beatles’ “Revolution.” Even the guitar distortion grew more specific and heavier with illuminated layers of noise, feedback, and grunge, rather than just a dirty uncorrelated wash of aggression. It was the same colorful lesson each time.

Ironically, these are not even Pass Labs’ grand cru products. Actually the Pass Labs XP-12 preamp and XA25 amp represent a level of affordability unique for Pass separates, with pricing normally reserved for the firm’s superb integrated amps. As in all things Pass, there were quality and sonic refinement in abundance. This wasn’t sleight-of-hand trickery; rather, it was the ability of a mature company knowing what to leave in and what to take out without compromising the signal. The familiar aluminum-plate exterior was still formidable but not imposing. Except for the large, though far from massive, heatsinks festooning the XA25, these separates are smaller, unadorned, yet instrument-grade in appearance and construction. (A phonostage, the XP-17 at $4300 is also available. Look for my review in a forthcoming issue.)

The XP-12 preamp eschews the dual-chassis, outboard power supply of its uptown siblings in favor of a compact single chassis—an ideal fit for a modestly sized den or listening room. Nonetheless, the preamp is the recipient of a new power supply incorporating an efficient toroidal design that sports a mu-metal shield with epoxy fill—keys to producing a quiet transformer both electrically and mechanically. The power supply circuitry itself is also lower noise and has added filtering. All functions are microprocessor-controlled and never come into contact with the input and output signals. The digital circuitry is powered by its own power supply and fully isolated from the analog supply. Turning to the back panel there are five inputs, two of which are balanced XLR, the remaining three unbalanced RCA. Input five does double-duty as a home-cinema pass-through activated by the pushbutton remote control.

The single-stage electronic volume control is borrowed from the Xs line preamp. Designed by Pass Labs maestro Wayne Colburn, it has a greater than 70dB range and is driven by a micro-controller “that reads the optical encoder serving as a front panel volume control.” It offers an accuracy that Pass considers unavailable on an ordinary volume control, is extremely low in noise and distortion, and uses fewer signal-path parts. These are not minor issues. The heart of a preamp is the transparency of its volume control. Poorly implemented it can degrade the soundstage, distort the stereo balance, and rob a performance of dynamic energy. The gain circuitry continues to use Pass Labs’ favorite transistors from Toshiba, but has a larger, higher-biased output stage. Pass notes that this makes “longer and multiple cable runs easier to drive and provides the advantage of simplifying our single-ended output circuitry while increasing performance.”

The XA25 amp is a solid-state, Class A design, single-ended throughout. Power output is rated at 25Wpc and 50Wpc into 8 ohms and 4 ohms respectively, so users will need to be a little more careful about speaker selection. The XA25 is touted as “the most affordable power amplifier in the Pass line,” and as Nelson Pass writes: “It takes advantage of lower power requirements to have simpler single-ended circuitry and fewer parts in the signal path.” This also allows elimination of degeneration, what Pass describes as “that other negative feedback,” in all stages. And lower voltages mean the ability to run gain devices more deeply into Class A at higher bias currents.

As my introduction implied, “affordable” doesn’t begin to describe what’s going on musically. The sonic character of the Pass duo conveys a warm, embracing personality uncommon in solid-state amplification but consistent with my previous encounters with Pass amps. There’s a level of harmonic bloom across the spectrum—most notable in the resonances and decays of strings and winds. It’s a musically juicier quality of such ripeness that it might make you reach for a napkin. As I listened to the interplay of YoYo Ma’s cello, Edgar Meyer’s acoustic bass, and the fiddle of Mark O’Connor, I could follow each note from the initial transient right down to the unhurried decay. The XP-12/XA25 brought to life the outlines, ambient aura, and resonant harmonics of each of these instruments.


Pass electronics have always suggested to me sweetness and liquid warmth, but the Class A topology of the XA25 takes this quality a luminous step further. Images are conveyed with a weightier sense of physicality—a feeling of mass as well as air. Simply listening to a solo piano brought forth heretofore unheard shifts in the micro-dynamics from the player’s keyboard touch. Like attending a terrific movie or a play where the actor’s work is so organic and seemingly spontaneous that you tend to forget the “acting,” the immediacy these components impart was nothing short of transformational. Even a minimalist recording like Peter, Paul and Mary’s early album In the Wind [Warner Bros] was expressed with a heightened level of intensity—from the drive of the acoustic guitars to the urgency of the voices. As an aside, these three-track recordings still manage to capture and convey the perfection and conviction of this trio’s musicianship. Their soaring harmonies are almost metronomic in precision.

Beyond the inherent sweetness of the XA25’s personality was its ability to transform a listening space into a three-dimensional tableau of images and ambience. A recording like Norah Jones’ tipsy “Sinkin’ Soon” was an insightful example. Filled with micro-dynamic liveliness from every nook and cranny, it’s a holographic menagerie of off-kilter and unexpected musical arrivals and departures—with pots and pans, six-string banjo, muted trombone, drums, piano, and ghostly vocals all lending to the action.

Dynamics and bass detail also shone during Manhattan Jazz Quintet’s cover of the classic “Autumn Leaves.” Lew Soloff’s trumpet solo was a pure blast of unbridled energy, while the bass solo revealed each boomy element of texture and timbre. Even a studio-manufactured hit track like The Cars’ “Just What I Needed” riveted my attention with the tight precision of the rhythm section. The Pass electronics illuminated even the smallest distinctions between string pops off an electric bass guitar and the foot pedal striking the skin of a kickdrum.

Having the ATC SCM50AT loudspeakers (review forthcoming) on hand afforded me an opportunity to drive these tri-amplified three-way towers directly from the balanced outputs of the XP-12. A near full-range speaker, the SCM50 grew even friskier under the ministrations of the XP-12, most particularly in the liveliness and bounce of its lower octaves. Soundstage depth and orchestral layering were better resolved. Once again, there was this almost eerie sense of music spontaneously occurring in the here and now rather than being extracted from a recording.

The XA25 amp does have limitations dictated by its modest power output, but that’s largely a fact rather than a criticism. Still, loudspeakers of lower sensitivity will suffer hints of dynamic compression when the amp is pushed. Worry not, Pass happily offers a large menu of amplifiers for every appetite. Nitpicks? Some listeners may prefer a cooler, more clinical presentation—electronics with firecracker transients that spark edge detail like a lightning strike, or that sharpen the corners of an alto sax rather than slightly rounding them. However, in all honesty, my bias runs toward a blush of midrange warmth and a treble that is more sweet than spicy. In the final analysis the XP-12 and XA25 simply give me less of the cold mechanics of music reproduction and more of the emotion from each musical moment.

As it has done so frequently in the past, Pass Labs delivered a set of electronics of surpassing musicality, balance, and transparency. By today’s high-end sticker prices—inflated in the eyes of many—the XP-12 and XA25 are outright bargains. As audiophiles, we have a tendency to obsess over our systems—their glories, their lapses, and their looming obsolescence. The XP-12 and XA25 remind us that these are petty distractions. These separates are long-haul components that will accompany you along the same path on which that first blush of audio passion began to take hold and bloom. They will lure you back to that place where you can enjoy every note of your favorite music all over again. And they will never let you go.

Specs & Pricing

XP-12 Preamplifier
Frequency response: 10Hz to 20kHz -1dB @ 100kHz
Inputs: Two balanced XLR, three unbalanced RCA
Dimensions: 17″ x 12.5″ x 4″
Weight: 20 lbs.
Price: $5800 

XA25 Amplifier
Power: 25Wpc Class A @ 8 ohms; 50Wpc Class A @ 4 ohms, 100Wpc Class A/AB @ 2 ohms 
Frequency response: DC to 200kHz 
Dimensions: 17″ x 17.4″ x 6″
Weight: 46 lbs.
Price: $4900

13395 New Airport Road, Ste. G
Auburn, CA 95602
(530) 878-5350

By Neil Gader

My love of music largely predates my enthusiasm for audio. I grew up Los Angeles in a house where music was constantly playing on the stereo (Altecs, if you’re interested). It ranged from my mom listening to hit Broadway musicals to my sister’s early Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Beatles, and Stones LPs, and dad’s constant companions, Frank Sinatra and Tony Bennett. With the British Invasion, I immediately picked up a guitar and took piano lessons and have been playing ever since. Following graduation from UCLA I became a writing member of the Lehman Engel’s BMI Musical Theater Workshops in New York–working in advertising to pay the bills. I’ve co-written bunches of songs, some published, some recorded. In 1995 I co-produced an award-winning short fiction movie that did well on the international film-festival circuit. I was introduced to Harry Pearson in the early 70s by a mutual friend. At that time Harry was still working full-time for Long Island’s Newsday even as he was writing Issue 1 of TAS during his off hours. We struck up a decades-long friendship that ultimately turned into a writing gig that has proved both stimulating and rewarding. In terms of music reproduction, I find myself listening more than ever for the “little” things. Low-level resolving power, dynamic gradients, shadings, timbral color and contrasts. Listening to a lot of vocals and solo piano has always helped me recalibrate and nail down what I’m hearing. Tonal neutrality and presence are important to me but small deviations are not disqualifying. But I am quite sensitive to treble over-reach, and find dry, hyper-detailed systems intriguing but inauthentic compared with the concert-going experience. For me, true musicality conveys the cozy warmth of a room with a fireplace not the icy cold of an igloo. Currently I split my time between Santa Fe, New Mexico and Studio City, California with my wife Judi Dickerson, an acting, voice, and dialect coach, along with border collies Ivy and Alfie.

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