Pass Labs HPA-1 Headphone Amplifier

The Rookie

Equipment report
Solid-state power amplifiers,
Pass Laboratories HPA-1
Pass Labs HPA-1 Headphone Amplifier

Going out of My Head over You
In recent years I’ve reviewed two Pass integrated amps—the INT-150 (Issue 184) and its cousin the INT-250 (Issue 263), an eerily powerful earthmover if ever an amp deserved the name. The HPA-1 sets the sonic table in ways remarkably similar to these amps. As a result, the trio of headphones I had on hand performed in much the same way that loudspeakers perform when pushed by Pass’ big amps. Backgrounds were the personification of stillness, like staring into a bottomless pool of black water. This trait was on critical display during Holly Cole’s cover of “I Can See Clearly,” where the opening bass line’s sustain and lengthy delay could be heard echoing into the deepest gorge of a reverb chamber. Low-level symphonic dynamics, such as the tinkle of a concert harp, the rattles of a tambourine, or the thud of distant percussion, were conveyed to the ear with an electric sense of surprise, as they emerged from the cushy stillness that the HPA-1 created. The character of this amp was one of distortion-free relaxation—a combination of midrange warmth and romanticism, and the cushion of the soft air around instrumentalists. The HPA-1 reproduced male and female vocalists with body, illuminated tonal colors, and tender micro-dynamics. In specificity, images were outlined as if by the fine point of a fountain pen.

It was especially edifying to listen to the contrasting interpretations of Rutter’s Requiem through the Audeze and HiFiMan. The former offered greater bass clarity and foundation from the pipe organ and defined the individuals of the Turtle Creek Chorale more completely in both detail and transparency. The HiFiMan distinguished itself with a cooler, lighter touch on midband details, and an overall sonic atmosphere that was a shade lighter than the more rose-lit Audeze.

As I listened to the lively vocal exchange between Ella and Louis during “You Can’t Take That Away from Me,” the HiFiMan suggested a bit more articulation. Yet, during Elton John’s “Rocket Man,” it was the Audeze that brought forth fuller and more extended bass and a superior warmth quotient. They each had overlapping octaves of speed and transparency and resolution, but their differences also underscored the argument for owning both. To that end I preferred the Audeze for its symphonic chops but the HiFiMan with rock and pop. Both brands deserve praise for their ease of use and solid output with portable smart devices like an iPhone or iPad.

Headphones excel at low-level minutiae and reveal details hitherto submerged in a mix, but are less convincing conveying grand scale. Easily, the biggest compliment I can heap on the HPA-1 is that it helped get me out of my head. It broke down some of the psychoacoustic barriers that tend to steer me away from extended headphone listening. With its open soundstaging and airy presence the HPA-1 largely ameliorated the bothersome headphone-borne sense of confinement as music converges between the ears rather than from a soundspace in front of your eyes. Long story short, I’ve never felt as relaxed and comfortable listening to headphones as I was with the HPA-1.

Putting aside its prime directive as a headphone amp for a moment, the HPA-1 got right into the swing of being a dedicated preamp as it smoothly drove the active ATC SCM19A floorstanding loudspeakers (Issue 272). It exhibited the same lack of artifice, dynamic drive, and resolving power. Differences were subtle, subtractions minor (to some degree reflecting the added acoustic of my listening room); however, low-frequency pitch definition did soften slightly and soundstaging wasn’t as dimensionally immersive as that of my reference electronics. Even as a stand-alone preamp the HPA-1 is immensely competitive in its class, and for driving a powered desktop system (the likely goal) pretty hard to beat.

Pass Labs may have been late to the personal listening party, but the HPA-1 was more than worth the wait. Taken as a dedicated headphone amp or as a minimalist preamp-in-a-pinch, it offers performance at or near the head of its class. As Pass Labs’ first and currently only headphone amp, its success will hopefully spur more products to come. One last thing: Hey rookie, what took you so long?

Specs & Pricing

Inputs: Two single-ended RCA
Output: One single-ended RCA (line), 1/4" TRS jack
Input Impedance: 50k ohm
Gain: 8dB
Power: 3500mW into 20 ohms (200mW into 300 ohms)
Dimensions: 11" x 4" x 13.5"
Weight: 14 lbs.
Price: $3500

13395 New Airport Road, Ste G
Auburn, CA 95602
(530) 878-5350

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